The Complex Polyhedra Technique: An Index Structure for High-Dimensional Space

An, J., Chen, H., Furuse, K., Ishikawa, M. and Ohbo, N.

    This paper proposes a new dimensionality reduction technique and an indexing mechanism for high dimensional data sets in which data points are not uniformly distributed. The proposed technique decomposes a data space into convex polyhedra, and the dimensionality of each data point is reduced according to which polyhedron includes the data point. One of the advantages of the proposed technique is that it reduces the dimensionality locally. This local dimensionality reduction contributes to improve indexing mechanisms for non-uniformly distributed data sets. To show the applicability and the effectives of the proposed technique this paper describes a new indexing mechanism called CVA-file (Compact VA-File) which is a revised version of the VA-file. With the proposed dimensionality reduction technique, the size of data points stored in index files can be reduced. Furthermore, it can estimate upper and lower bounds of each entry in index files by using geographic properties of convex polyhedra. Results from experimental simulations show that the CVA-file is better than the VA-file for non-uniformly distributed real data sets.
Cite as: An, J., Chen, H., Furuse, K., Ishikawa, M. and Ohbo, N. (2002). The Complex Polyhedra Technique: An Index Structure for High-Dimensional Space. In Proc. Thirteenth Australasian Database Conference (ADC2002), Melbourne, Australia. CRPIT, 5. Zhou, X., Ed. ACS. 33-40.
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