Optimized Relative Lempel-Ziv Compression of Genomes

Kuruppu, S., Puglisi, S. and Zobel, J.

    High-throughput sequencing technologies make it possible to rapidly acquire large numbers of individual genomes, which, for a given organism, vary only slightly from one to another. Such repetitive and large sequence collections are a unique challange for compression. In previous work we described the RLZ algorithm, which greedily parses each genome into factors, represented as position and length pairs, which identify the corresponding material in a reference genome. RLZ provides effective compression in a single pass over the collection, and the final compressed representation allows rapid random access to arbitrary substrings. In this paper we explore several improvements to the RLZ algorithm. We find that simple non-greedy parsings can significantly improve compression performance and discover a strong correlation between the starting positions of long factors and their positions in the reference. This property is computationally inexpensive to detect and can be exploited to improve compression by nearly 50% compared to the original RLZ encoding, while simultaneously providing faster decompression.
Cite as: Kuruppu, S., Puglisi, S. and Zobel, J. (2011). Optimized Relative Lempel-Ziv Compression of Genomes. In Proc. Australasian Computer Science Conference (ACSC 2011) Perth, Australia. CRPIT, 113. Mark Reynolds Eds., ACS. 91-98
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